The Civil Service Commission was conferred the status of a department by Republic Act No. 2260 as amended and elevated to a constitutional body by the 1973 Constitution. It was reorganized under PD No. 181 dated September 24, 1972, and again reorganized under Executive Order no. 181 dated November 21, 1986. With the new Administrative Code of 1987 (EO 292), the Commission is constitutionally mandated to promote morale, efficiency, integrity, responsiveness, progressiveness, and courtesy in the Civil Service.


Mandated Functions

Under Executive Order No. 292, the Civil Service Commission shall perform the following functions:

  • Administer and enforce the constitutional and statutory provisions on the merit system for all levels and ranks in the Civil Service;
  • Prescribe, amend and enforce rules and regulations for carrying into effect the provisions of the Civil Service Laws and other pertinent laws;
  • Promulgate policies, standards and guidelines for the Civil Service and adopt plans and programs to promote economical, efficient and effective personnel administration in the government;
  • Formulate policies and regulations for the administration, maintenance and implementation of position classification and compensation and set standards for the establishment, allocation and reallocation of pay scales, classes and positions;
  • Render opinion and rulings on all personnel and other Civil Service matters which shall be binding on all head of departments, offices and agencies and which may be brought to the Supreme Court on certiorari;
  • Appoint and discipline its officials and employees in accordance with law and exercise control and supervision over the activities of the Commission;
  • Control, supervise and coordinate Civil Service examinations. Any entity or official in government may be called upon by the Commission to assist in the preparation and conduct of said examinations including security, use of buildings and facilities as well as personnel and transportation of examination materials which shall be exempt from inspection regulations;
  • Prescribe all forms for Civil Service examinations, appointment, reports and such other forms as may be required by law, rules and regulations;
  • Declare positions in the Civil Service as may properly be primarily confidential, highly technical or policy determining;
  • Formulate, administer and evaluate programs relative to the development and retention of qualified and competent work force in the public service;
  • Hear and decide administrative cases instituted by or brought before it directly or on appeal, including contested appointments, and review decisions and action of its offices and of the agencies attached to it. Officials and employees who fail to comply with such decisions, orders, or rulings shall be liable for contempt of the Commission. Its decisions, orders or rulings shall be final and executory. Such decisions, orders, or rulings may be brought to Supreme Court on certiorari by the aggrieved party within thirty (30) days from receipt of the copy thereof;
  • Issues subpoena and subpoena duces tecum for the production of documents and records pertinent to investigations and inquiries conducted by it in accordance with its authority conferred by the Constitution and pertinent laws;
  • Advise the President on all matters involving personnel management in the government service and submit to the President an annual report on the personnel programs;
  • Take appropriate actions on all appointments and other personnel matters in the Civil Service including extension of service beyond retirement age;
  • Inspect and audit the personnel actions and programs of the departments, agencies, bureaus, offices, local government including government-owned or controlled corporations; conduct periodic review of the decisions and actions of offices or officials to whom authority has been delegated by the Commission as well as the conduct of the officials and the employees in these offices and apply appropriate sanctions whenever necessary;
  • Delegate authority for the performance of any functions to departments, agencies and offices where such functions may be effectively performed;
  • Administer the retirement program of government officials and employees, and accredit government services and evaluate qualification for retirement;
  • Keep and maintain personnel records of all officials and employees in the Civil Service; and
  • Perform all functions properly belonging to a central personnel agency such as other functions as may be provided by law.